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Inscriptions & Manuscripts

               In the previous article I have talked about the peculiar aspect of ‘Dharmik Continuum’ that prevailed throughout the existence of Vijayanagara Empire. Actually, that write-up was my impulsive reaction, so to say, about this strange feature of maintaining and upholding the Dharmik values. I feel that no historian of any denomination has touched upon this topic and has ever mentioned it in his/her research!

                I am making such strong claim as I have found yet another great example of this Dharmik Continuum phenomenon and I am sure that the readers too shall acknowledge my feelings. The Belur inscriptions that would be presented in this articles can stand tall in showcasing the Dharmik side of Hindu kings. The inscription of Harihara II can be considered as the ‘crest jewel’ of these Belur inscriptions.

           The mighty Vijayanagara Empire that flourished from c.1336 to c.1646 has been held and ruled by four dynasties – (1) Sangama (2) Saluva (3) Tulu and (4) Aravidu.

        We can read some blood curdling stories from Vijayanagara history on how the successive dynasties snatched the power from the outgoing one. Sometimes, the members of the ruling royal family have seem to be committing heinous murders of their kith and kin only to plant themselves on the royal seat. I have borrowed the following passage from Robert Sewell to describe this horrification saga:

“It will be seen farther on that in almost every case the kingdom was racked with dissension on the demise of the sovereign, and that year after year the members of the reigning family were subjected to violence and murder in order that one or other of them might establish himself as head of the State.”

[Vijayanagara - Forgotten Empire by R. Sewell]


12th January 2015 (Pushya Krishna Sapthami) was the Madhyaradhana of the great ascetic/Administrator/Ruler of Orissa (then called Kalinga) – Sri Narahari Tirtha.


Due to the narrow considerations of both Madhva community and the rest of the society, his historical records are simply ignored, even when they have been brought out into the limelight several decades earlier, by such well known personalities as Sri C M Padmanabhacharya, Dr. B.N.K Sharma etc.


The present day scholars keep on repeating fancy stories secure in their ignorance and closed minds. I had compiled à study entirely based on published data from Karnataka and Orissan sources, as well as what could be secured by Internet. I am summing up essential points from this study, as I feel that the adherents to religious dogmatic beliefs and Matha politics are being extremely unfair to one of the greatest Madhvas of all time, with an allround personality and achievements which have been rivaled only by the great Sri Vyasaraja.


The Shasanas in Sri Kurmam and Simhachalam temples are well known and their contents fully clarified and determined. The Shasanas can be subdivided into the following types:


In the 3 Part series (Part 1, Part 2, Part 3) on Vadirajapuram, I have presented the epigraphical evidences from Vijayanagara period. In the 4 stone inscriptions belonging to the reigns of Achyutadevaraya, Sadashivaraya and Venkatapathy Raya have clearly called the present day Tiruchanoor (Alimelu Mangapuram) as “Vadirajapuram.”

The 4th inscription presented in Part 3 belongs to one Venkatapathy Raya but at the time of writing that article, I could not get the printed version of the inscription. I could only get an online text file from Archive.org which is not legible to read the full inscription.